10 courses every golfer should play

The Old Course at St.

Troon’s most famous hole is the short par three eighth, known as “the Postage Stamp,” which measures just 123 yards from the back tees.

It’s one that all serious golfers want to play.

The resort has eight courses, four designed by Donald Ross, including Pinehurst’s legendary No. Andrews Links (Scotland)

This is known as the Home of Golf and is probably the most famous course in the world.

Carnoustie can be played at its Open length of 7,421 yards, par 71 or from the yellow tees at a more modest 6,595 yards.

In 2012, Ernie Els won his first Major in 10 years when Adam Scott dropped four shots in the last four holes.

The first Open at Lytham in 1926 was the first Open won by Bobby Jones. 2, Pinehurst Resort (North Carolina)

Known as America’s St.

When you play this magnificent links you can’t fail to be inspired by the history — the Swilcan Burn, Hell Bunker, the Road Hole, the Old Course Hotel and the huge double greens on 14 holes that can leave you with putts of more than 100 feet.

If you love the game and its history, the following list of courses will make you feel like a pro, even if you don’t swing like one.

I’ve limited this list to 10 courses, in alphabetical order, that the average golfer can play.

Every golfer should play at least one Donald Ross course before they die and this is the best.

Caddies recommended: $55 per bag; fees from $360, non-resort guests must call +1 910 235 8141.

Pinehurst, 80 Carolina Vista Drive, Pinehurst, North Carolina; +1 855 235 8507

MORE: World’s 10 best golf resorts

The Royal County Down Golf Club (Northern Ireland)

One of only two courses on this list that has never hosted a professional Major, Royal County Down has been the venue for major amateur events including the Walker Cup in 2007, the Curtis Cup in 1968 and two Amateur Championships. George’s has also hosted the Amateur Championship 13 times, the Walker Cup in 1930 and 1967, and the British PGA Championship in 1975 which was won by Arnold Palmer. Andrews, Pinehurst is steeped in history. Open — a statue of Stewart in the pose is situated behind the 18th green.

Carnoustie Golf Links (Scotland)

Carnoustie is where the great Ben Hogan won the only Open Championship he ever played and had the par-five, sixth hole named after him (“Hogan’s Alley”) because of the tight driving line he took at this hole in all four rounds.

Royal Porthcawl also hosted the Coral Welsh Classic tournament on the European Tour from 1980-1982, including the likes of Sandy Lyle, Sir Nick Faldo, Brian Barnes and Greg Norman.

Jack Nicklaus said: “If I had only one more round to play, I would choose to play it at Pebble Beach.”

It’s hosted five U.S.

You can play the Old Course at its Open Championship length of 7,305 yards, par 72, or 6,721 yards from the white tees, or 6,387 yards from the yellows.

Green fees from £50-185 ($85-310); between May and mid-October, blue, white and yellow tees require handicaps of 4 or better while red tees are open to all; buggies not allowed.

The Royal County Down Golf Club, 36 Golf Links Road, Newcastle, County Down, Northern Ireland; +44 28 4372 3314 for tee time reservation

Royal Lytham St Annes Golf Club (England)

Royal Lytham has hosted 11 Open Championships, many of them historic.

But it’s really on my list because Royal County Down is a magical links course that’s perennially voted one of the best golf courses in the world, most recently by Golf Digest (the world’s biggest selling golf magazine), which placed it fourth in its list of the world’s 100 greatest courses.

The 1969 Open here was the first Major won by Tony Jacklin, ending an 18-year drought without a British victory in their own Open and signaling the beginning of the rise of European golf. Opens.

St.

The club has also hosted six Amateur championships.

Official Handicap card/certificate required, 24 or better for men, 36 for women and juniors; from £160 ($270) April 14-October 19 (ballot booking), £112 ($190) October 20-31, £80 ($135) November-March 2015

St.

Even at that shortened length it’s a challenge, but whichever tees you choose a round on the Ocean Course is a heavenly experience.

No carts; handicap required; packages from $200-450 depending on season.

Kiawah Island Golf Resort, One Sanctuary Beach Drive, Kiawah Island, South Carolina; +1 800 654 2924

Old Course, St. Opens and will host its next one in 2019. Annes, Lancashire, England; +44 1253 72 4206

MORE: 10 tips for getting the most from your golf holiday

Royal Porthcawl Golf Club (Wales)

Royal Porthcawl has never hosted a Major championship, but it has hosted Tiger Woods when he played for the American team in the 1995 Walker Cup.

Past winners include Nicklaus, Tom Watson, Tiger Woods and Graeme McDowell.

However, the legendary Gene Sarazen famously holed in one here in the first round of the 1973 Open at the age of 71.

Ambitious (and perhaps overconfident) swingers can try to emulate Hogan’s drives at the sixth hole, aiming between the fairway bunkers and the out-of-bounds fence.

In 2014, the No.

And it’s been the venue for six Amateur championships, the most prestigious tournament in amateur golf.

Troon is a par 71 that can be played from a variety of tees starting at 7,175 yards from the Championship tees down to 6,201 yards from the yellows.

Green fees from £140 ($235), bookings available Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays from late April to October; current certificate of handicap must be produced, maximum handicaps are 20 for men and 30 for women; golfers under 16 not permitted on the Old Course or in the Clubhouse.

Royal Troon, Craigend Road, Troon, Scotland; +44 1292 31 1555

.

Single round tickets start from £120 ($200); all-day tickets start from £170 ($285); club handicap certificates required — 20 for men and 30 for women; caddies must be ordered 72 hours in advance; not suitable for novice golfers or beginners

Royal Porthcawl Golf Club, Rest Bay, Porthcawl, Mid Glamorgan, Wales; +44 1656 78 2251

The Royal St George’s Golf Club (England)

At 66th in Golf Digest’s list is Royal St George’s, the first course outside Scotland to hold the Open.

It’s hosted 14 Open championships in all, the last in 2011, which brought a sentimental victory for Darren Clarke. Open and the U.S. team that included the late Payne Stewart, Fred Couples and Ray Floyd. Open tees to 5,822 yards from the green tees.

It gets its name from the tiny green, surrounded by deep bunkers — many top golfers have come to grief here at what is the shortest hole at any Open Championship venue. Andrews; +44 (0)1334 466 718

MORE: World’s 10 toughest golf courses

Pebble Beach Golf Links (California)

This iconic course overlooking the Pacific Ocean is one every golfer should play before they’re too old to enjoy it.

Royal County Down is a par 71 that measures 7,186 yards from the championship tees, 6,878 yards from the medal tees, or 6,675 yards from the stableford tees.

A round at Pebble costs $495 plus cart cost.

Its next Open will be in 2016 and a great trip would be to attend the 2016 Open and then play the course the week after in exactly the same condition as the stars played it. 2 course, which has hosted one Ryder Cup, one PGA Championship and two U.S.

Other Open winners on what has been called the world’s toughest links course include Henry Cotton, Gary Player and Tom Watson.

The Ocean course was also the venue for Rory McIlroy’s PGA Championship victory in 2012. Women’s Opens in successive weeks. Andrews Links, Old, New Jubilee courses, West Sands, St. 2 course will make history by becoming the first course to hold the U.S.

It’s a magnificent links course, where the sea is visible from every hole, that can be played at various lengths from 7,065 yards par 72 from the black tees down to 6,303 yards from the yellow tees.

In 1999, the course’s 18th green was the scene of one of golf’s most enduring images when Payne Stewart punched the air after holing a 15-foot putt to win his second U.S.

Previous winners at St.

The Pete Dye-designed Ocean Course at Kiawah Island was the stage for the 1991 Ryder Cup, the notorious “War On The Shore,” in which Seve Ballesteros, Sir Nick Faldo, Bernhard Langer and the rest of the European team lost by the narrowest of margins to a U.S.

Other golfing legends to win the Open at Lytham include Bobby Locke, Peter Thomson, Sir Bob Charles, and Gary Player.

Seve Ballesteros won two of his Opens at Lytham (1979, 1988), the former his first Major victory.

Various tees can stretch the course length from 6,116 yards to 7,040 yards, par 72.

Pebble Beach Resorts, The Lodge at Pebble Beach, 1700 17-Mile Drive, Pebble Beach, California; +1 831 624 3811

Pinehurst No.

Pinehurst can be played from a variety of tees ranging from 7,495 yards, par 72, from the U.S.

In that event the course played to a monster 7,676 yards, par 72, but you can play it from a variety of tees that go as low as 6,202 yards.

Try not to follow in the footsteps of Jean van de Velde, who took seven at the 18th hole in 1999 when a six would have won him the Open.

Green fees from £154 ($260); must have current handicap certificates, 28 or better for men, 36 for women and juniors (14-18); under 14s not allowed on Championship course.

Carnoustie Golf Links, Carnoustie, Angus, Scotland; +44 1241 80 2270

MORE: World’s 18 most beautiful golf holes

Ocean Course, Kiawah Island Golf Resort (South Carolina)

From the toughest links course in the world to possibly the toughest course in the world, which also happens to be by the ocean.

It’s a tremendous links course, though one where you never actually see the sea.

It can be played at its Open length of 7,086 yards par 70 or from several other tees right down to 6,360 yards from the green tees.

Weekday rate for 18 holes is £180 ($300) and £270 ($450) for 36 holes; weekend rate (18 holes only) starts from £180 ($300); handicap certificates must be provided — 21 for men and 30 for women.

Royal Lytham St Annes Golf Club, Links Gate, Lytham St.

This year Royal Porthcawl will host Wales’ first Major when the the Senior Open Championship, a Major on the Seniors Tour, is played there. George’s include Harry Vardon (twice), Walter Hagen (twice), Henry Cotton, Bobby Locke, Sandy Lyle and Greg Norman, so you’ll be golfing in the footsteps of some truly legendary golfers. Andrews has hosted 28 Open Championships, with another due in 2015.

The list of champions here is a mighty one, including Bobby Jones, Jack Nicklaus (twice), Seve Ballesteros, Sir Nick Faldo and Tiger Woods (twice).

It was 44th in Golf Digest’s list of the world’s 100 greatest courses and it’s rumored to be a possible future Open venue. Story highlightsThe Masters tees off on one of the world’s most beautiful courses — AugustaOcean Course on Kiwah Island in South Carolina hosted the notorious “War on The Shore” at the 1991 Ryder CupSpectacular Pebble Beach overlooking the Pacific Ocean appears on many golfers’ bucket listRoyal Porthcawl and Royal County Down are the only two courses on this list that have never hosted a professional Major The weekend of the 2014 Masters — the first major golf tournament of the year — invariably acts as a siren call to anyone who owns a set of clubs.

The Women’s British Open has been held at Lytham four times — winners include Annika Sorenstam and Catriona Matthew.

This wonderful course was also the setting, under the name “Royal St Marks,” for James Bond’s golf match against Goldfinger in Ian Fleming’s novel “Goldfinger.”

It can be played at its Open length of 7,204 yards, par 70, or at various other lengths down to 6,340 yards from the white tees.

Green fees from £80 ($135) in winter and £170 ($285) in summer; handicap certificate of 18 or better must be provided for both men and women.

The Royal St Geroge’s Golf Club, Sandwich, Kent, England; +44 1304 61 3090

MORE: Mission Hills Haikou: Rehab for golfers

Royal Troon Golf Club (Scotland)

Royal Troon is another course with a great roster of winners among its eight Open champions, including Bobby Locke, Arnold Palmer, Tom Weiskopf and Tom Watson

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Cyberview Technology Expands Agreements with Great Wall Gaming for Japanese Market; Extends On-Going Relationship In Anticipation of Casinos In Japan; Widens Distribution of Company’s Innovative Server-Based Technology

“Our companies are currently developing several new ethnic slot games that specifically target the Russian and Asian gaming markets, and we look forward to extending our relationship with the world leader in distributed technology,” Yee concluded. With this new agreement, the two companies are extending a relationship that currently includes Great Wall providing game content for the company’s distributed downloadable system, which has been the recipient of numerous awards for its innovations to the casino industry. dollars annually, making it potentially the largest gaming market in the world and a significant opportunity for both our companies.”

With more than ten years experience in server-based distributed gaming, Cyberview Technology develops, produces and implements innovative, integrated solutions for the gaming, betting and leisure industries. Currently, the company provides Fixed Odds Betting Terminals (FOBTs) to betting shops, and race and sports books; Interactive Video Lottery Terminals (IVTs) to lotteries; and Class III-type gaming terminals to the casino industry. 6, 2005–Cyberview Technology, a leader of new technology for the gaming industry, today announced that it has entered into a long-term agreement with Great Wall Gaming, Ltd. For further information, visit the company’s website at www.cybview.com.

“We are confident that we can assist Cyberview in becoming a dominant player in the Japanese market,” commented Jackie Yee, Chairman of Great Wall Gaming.

“It is widely anticipated that Japan will legalize casino gaming in the near future,” states Roy Student, President of Cyberview Technology. Recipient of numerous industry awards, it is the only company in the world to date with the Gaming Laboratories International, Inc. (GLI) approval for its downloadable server-based system (GLI 21 standard), a technical certification for downloadable server-based gaming systems in the U.S. The new agreement is contingent on the passage of legislation authorizing casino gaming in Japan. “The contacts and experience that Mr. . Yee and his company can provide in this market will be invaluable to our success in the market,” he continued. One of Great Wall’s Asian slot games, “Ye Ha Hai,” was voted one of the best new games by industry peers late last year and now is being released for use on the Cyberview system. The company (AIM symbol: CYBS) recently commenced trading on the London Stock Exchange. The deal covers future distribution of the company’s server-based systems by Great Wall for the projected development of casinos in Japan and the resulting need for the latest in slot machine technology.

Great Wall Gaming, headquartered in Las Vegas, specializes in the development and marketing of ethnic slot games and gaming equipment in the European and Asian gaming markets, and is led by Jackie Yee, identified as one of the top Asian gaming executives for nearly three decades. “Our research indicates that there are five million pachinko machines operating in Japan producing more than 200 billion U.S. Class III gaming market.

About CYBERVIEW TECHNOLOGY

LONDON LAS VEGAS–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Sept

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daring red carpet dresses

Kim Kardashian spotted leaving her New York hotel, Sept.

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Selena Gomez Rocks a Red Mini

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Kristen Bell Flashes Her Leg at ‘Veronica Mars’ Premiere

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Naya Rivera Rocks Her Most Risque Look Yet

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Gisele Bundchen Turned Heads (Obviously)

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Lindsay Lohan Rocks a Risque Gown

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daring red carpet dresses

Miley Cyrus arrives at the 8th Annual Australians In Film Breakthrough Awards, June 27, 2012 in Century City, Calif. 25, 2015, in London.

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Miranda Kerr Dares to Go Bare

Ireland Baldwin arrives at the 50th anniversary celebration of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, Jan. 5, 2013, in Hollywood, Calif. 27 and clung to fiance Justin Theroux on the red carpet. Live, April 12, 2015, in Los Angeles.

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Whoa! Nicole Richie Goes Totally Sheer

Nicole Richie at Chateau Marmont’s Bar Marmont, Nov.

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Jenna Malone’s Sheer Premiere

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Kate Hudson Bares All

Actress Kate Hudson arrives at LACMA 2013 Art + Film Gala at LACMA, Nov.

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Miranda Kerr Dares to Go Bare

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Ambrosio is Red Hot in Leather

Model Alessandra Ambrosio attends the after party for the 2013 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show at TAO Downtown, Nov. 11. 5, 2012.

Alberto E.

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Mel B Goes Risque in Lace

Melanie Brown arrives at the 22nd Annual Elton John AIDS Foundation’s Oscar viewing party held, March 2, 2014 in West Hollywood, Calif. LIVE, June 29, 2014, in Los Angeles.

David Fisher/REX_Shutterstock

Jennifer Lopez Bares It All

Jennifer Lopez attends the 2015 Billboard Music Awards at MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nev., May 17, 2015.

Julian Parker/UK Press via Getty Images

Kesha Flaunts a Healthy New Look

Kesha attends The Humane Society’s 60th anniversary benefit gala, March 29, 2014 in Beverly Hills, Calif.

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Anne Hathaway’s Sheer Surprise

Anne Hathaway promotes “Les Miserables” in Tokyo, Nov. The actress, who stars alongside Josh Duhamel in the film, wore a sheer and beaded Alberta Ferretti gown that was daringly low in the back.

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Miley Shows Some Skin

Singer Miley Cyrus attends the Clive Davis and The Recording Academy’s 2013 GRAMMY Salute to Industry Icons Gala held at The Beverly Hilton Hotel on Feb. 20, 2014, in Las Vegas.

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Dakota Fanning Goes Sheer

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How Lauren Parsekian Stole the Show at Aaron Paul’s Premiere

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Jenna Dewan Tatum Steps Out in a Leather Mini Dress

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AKM-GSI

Behati Prinsloo Goes Ultra-Sheer

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Frederick M.

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Paris Hilton Bares (Nearly) All

Paris Hilton attends 4th Annual Senate Music Group LLC Pre-Grammy Celebration, Jan. Brown/Getty Images

Halle Berry’s Low-Cut Dress

Actress Rachel McAdams attends the premiere of “To The Wonder” at Pacific Design Center, April 9, 2013 in West Hollywood.

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daring red carpet dresses

Fergie arrives at the 54th Annual Grammy Awards, Feb.

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daring red carpet dresses

Heidi Klum arrives at the 64th Primetime Emmy Awards, Sept. 14. She’s not the only star to go with a daring look on the red carpet. 23, 2014 in Beverly Hills, Calif.

Julianna Margulies Goes Shockingly Sheer

Julianna Margulies attends the 2015 CFDA Awards at Alice Tully Hall at Lincoln Center, June 1, 2015, in New York.

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Emma Watson Shows Off Her Legs

Emma Watson attends the UK premiere of “Noah” at Odeon Leicester Square on March 31, 2014 in London, England. 8, 2014 in St Paul, Minn. 24, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nev. Walker/Getty Images

Rita Ora Rocks a Chainlink Dress

Rita Ora seen at 34 Restaurant on Oct.

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Emma Roberts Looks “Scary” Good in Black

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Ambrosio is Red Hot in Leather

Victoria’s Secret Angel Candice Swanepoel attends the after party for the 2013 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show at Lavo NYC, Nov. 21, 2013. Maybe she thought he could hide a potential wardrobe malfunction?

Albert L. The actress wore a red and metallic Julien MacDonald gown with a racy slit up to her hip and a low back.

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Rumer Willis Rocks a Risque Dress

Rumer Willis arrives at ELLE’s 5th Annual Women In Music concert celebration at Avalon, April 22, 2014 in Hollywood, Calif.

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Kendra Wilkinson’s Daring Cut-Out Dress

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Paris Hilton Wears a Very Sheer Gown in L.A.

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Rita Ora Rocks a Totally Sheer Gown

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FKA Twigs, Robert Pattinson’s Girlfriend, Shows Serious Skin

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Rachel McAdams Shows Some Skin

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Ireland Baldwin Wears a Revealing Dress

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Can You Believe Abigail Breslin Is 17?

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Jennifer Lopez Goes Seriously Sheer

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Katharine McPhee Wears a Risque Gown

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Wow! Roselyn Sanchez Goes Completely Sheer

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Eva Longoria Makes a Daring Entrance to Cannes

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Swift Goes Daringly Sheer

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Jennifer Lawrence Goes Sheer – and Bares All!

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Miranda Kerr Rocks a Seriously Deep-V

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Exposed: Tourist blackjack scam in Vietnam

… The hardest part is getting past the

humiliation and anger at myself for allowing this to happen to me.”

Our banker isn’t

Singaporean or even a banker. Manoy, who has previously agreed to be her “secret partner,” winks and lends her the necessary US$1,000.

She wins again. 

Not so fast

Martha manages

to withdraw nearly US$1,000. Martha, a recent victim of the scam and whose name has

been changed here, explains: “If I walk away, he wins the pot. Both are still regularly seen with groups approaching tourists.According to some estimates, more than 50 individuals are working in an organized gang within Saigon, divided

into multiple cells. Already

over-extended by US$1,000 and not wanting Manoy to lose his money, I panic.”

The stories are

often similar in nature: a person claiming to be from Malaysia

strikes up a conversation with you in the street. Martha’s heart pounds. He says he’s a professional dealer at the “Royal Hotel.”

He added,

“A few arrests of Filipino nationals reported to the Embassy by other Filipinos

did not progress into court cases.”

Lunch turns into

a friendly blackjack game, when suddenly one of the players, a “Singapore

banker,” pulls out a case containing around US$50,000.

The game sours

vietnam card mafiaTwo card sharps flee security guards at a shopping mall. All three men are from the Philippines and unknown to Martha, have been

running a gambling scam in Ho Chi Minh — also called Saigon — for several

years.

The “banker” ups

the ante to US$1,000. In these cases, some victims allege being

drugged or kidnapped and then robbed.

According to

sources however, most or all of these individuals have since been released. 

However, on

arriving at home, the daughter is at the hospital because the grandmother

has been taken ill. She has 21 but not enough cash to

keep going. She hands it to the men, who

accept, saying a loan shark could cover the rest.

“Uncle Manoy” is

dealing. “I lost US$12,000, I feel like such a fool, I knew I

should have walked away but I didn’t,” blogs a victim named Mick.

Those aren’t

their real names.

Some victims lose big

“As well as the

money I handed over to them, they also took my camera and I was threatened with

violence if I didn’t co-operate. Most

players would consider him the ideal opponent; he’s throwing around lots of

cash carelessly.

The scam

artists’ aim is to snare foreigners who are traveling alone and have

just arrived in Vietnam

for the first time.

Manoy and Louie

are not Vietnamese, nor are they Malaysians, as they claim.

Vietnam card scamVictims have accused this man of posing as a dealer named “Woody” or “Let.” This story is

one that’s often repeated in Saigon.

When six Filipinos

in the group were arrested last May, grabbing headlines across Vietnam, city police

said they had assembled a special investigative task force following complaints

from mainly Japanese and South Korean tourists who had been fleeced out of

large sums of money by “Asians speaking English.”

While most

scenarios involve a conversation that evolves into an invitation to meet a family

member who happens to be visiting the victim’s country of origin, there are other variations.

They wait on streets

frequented by tourists, such as Phan Ngu Lao, Le Loi, and Dong Khoi.

“Cousin Louie”

sits opposite. So instead you will be invited to lunch.

Some victims are

not as lucky as Martha. A Japanese national allegedly lost US$8,000

In a letter sent last March to Thanh Nien Weekly, the Philippines’ ambassador, Jerril G. Most are from the Philippines although they have

Vietnamese accomplices.

Inside a small

house in Ho Chi Minh City in

Vietnam,

four people sit at a table playing blackjack.

Their daily

stakeouts include landmarks like 29 Thang 9 Park, adjacent to Pham Ngu Lao; the

front entrances of Parkson and Vincom shopping centers; and Bach Tung Diep Park in

front of the Ho Chi Minh City

Museum. 

More

importantly, Martha isn’t a professional gambler. One ploy is to say their daughter is

applying for a visa to visit your home country.

Efforts are

being made to clamp down on the scam artists.

The gang let her go, now that they have what they were after.

A well organized syndicate

Meanwhile, the card sharps continue to stalk the streets of Saigon, waiting patiently for the next innocent tourist to fall into their trap.. only arrests that progress into court cases are officially conveyed to

the Embassy for appropriate consular assistance and representation.”

A difficult investigation

Though most

travelers who are approached do not go along with the con artists, many

visitors have complained that the group is a nuisance.

An invitation is

extended for you to meet the daughter, due to the coincidental connection.

Another common

scenario starts with a request for the victim to translate a letter received

from overseas.

That’s when

everything falls apart. She’s just a regular

backpacker visiting Vietnam

on holiday and today she’s also the Filipino card sharps’ “mark.”

The hook

But not everything

– actually nothing — in this high-stakes card game is what it seems.

Sitting across

from Martha is a man who Manoy introduces as a banker from Singapore. Even though the

group may successfully lure a victim to a secluded location, they aren’t always

able to dupe them into card games. Santos, wrote: “As of December 2, 2010, we know of five

cases involving nine Filipinos in detention centers or awaiting trial in

court … He has told the woman beside him, Martha, that he is a local gym

teacher.

Travel warnings

regarding these cases have been posted on the U.K., U.S., Australian and Canadian

embassy websites.

“I tell them

that they’re the 10th, 11th, or 12th person who knows someone going to work in a

hospital in my home town and I think it’s very interesting,” says one traveler, sarcastically.

Martha makes an

agreement with the banker: he can keep some of her personal valuables as

collateral while Louie and the rest of the family escort her to a bank to

withdraw the rest.

Police said one

victim had been taken for US$20,000

Hacking by China not necessarily a “hostile act” – CNN Security Clearance

Asked what he would consider a hostile act, Dempsey said “attacking our critical infrastructure” would be a act worthy of a similar response.

But Dempsey told the Senate Armed Services Committee where he was testifying that he cannot attribute the Chinese hacking to China’s military, the People’s Liberation Army.

By Adam Levine

Gen. top military officer said should China’s military be found to be behind hacks into the U.S. Martin Dempsey, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said he “believe(s) someone in China is hacking into our systems and stealing technology and intellectual property which at this point is a crime.”

The U.S. this week and asked Dempsey if there was anything he wanted to pass on to Xi Jinping.

“I would consider it a crime,” Dempsey said.

“Happy Valentine’s Day,” Dempsey replied.

Asked by Republican Senator Lindsey Graham from South Carolina if it could be proven that the PLA was behind a hacking of the defense infrastructure, would it be considered a “hostile act,” Dempsey said it wasn’t necessarily.

Graham noted he was about to lunch with the Vice President of China who is in the U.S. infrastructure, it would not necessarily be a “hostile act.”

Quality of warhead triggers questioned

The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.

At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.

Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.

The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.

Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.

Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.

“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.

Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.

In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.

Because the United States no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.

Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal.

The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.

A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. Such approval means they are ready to use.

The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere

Factory repair of systems, mbt leopard 2 activity w88.

The customer has no

obligation to commission the optional systems.

Tender documents : T23857054.html , G23857054.html

Time limit for receipt of requests for documents or for accessing

documents: 7.10.2014

Estimated value excluding VAT: 1 140 000 EUR

Contract notice: Factory repair of systems, mbt leopard 2 activity

w88

Deposits and Guarantees required: First self-declaration to submit

a performance bond in the amount of 10% of the order value.

. (

Syndigate.info ).

On the performance bond is not required if the credit quality index

of credit reform is during the contract period of less than 250 points

or equivalent credit quality evidence is presented.

Language(s) in which tenders or requests to participate may be

drawn up: German.

Copyright 2014 Gale, Cengage Learning. The benefit period begins with the commissioning of

the first vehicle and ends with the completion of the repair capacity of

all the contractor supplied systems.

Time limit for receipt of tenders or requests to participate:

14.10.2014 – 17:00

COPYRIGHT 2014 SyndiGate Media Inc.

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

This contract is divided into lots: yes

Total quantity or scope: The projected annual volume is 11 systems.

Optional two systems can be ordered in addition. All rights reserved.

Second presentation of an insurance policy in copy on the

conclusion of a civil liability insurance (industry-standard public

liability and environmental liability insurance), the amount of EUR 10

million each per occurrence for bodily injury and property damage, but

EUR 50 million per year is not less than in the case of accumulation of

loss events .

The framework agreement covers the repair of 2015 the system MBT

Leopard 2 activityW88 in the Maintenance Level 4 with the following

Stock Numbers (VERSNR)

2350-12-327-68322350-12-349-52392350-12-356-13262350-12-363-96562350-12-362-9655The total amount listed under point II.2.1) is the forecasted

amount for 12Months.

2014 Al Bawaba (Albawaba.com) Provided by SyndiGate Media Inc

Obama proposes shifting funds from nuclear nonproliferation to nuclear weapons | The Center for Public Integrity

Sam Nunn, said “the U.S. Its construction would be greatly slowed, while the Defense Department and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration study alternative ways to safeguard tons of the excess plutonium.

The department also needs more funds than anticipated for improvements to the W76 warhead, which is carried by Trident submarine-based missiles.

One, who asked not to be named, said the DOE shortfall had set off “months of wrangling” about the issue, not only within the department but at the highest levels of the administration. The officials have also decided to discuss a potential agreement for such reductions with Russian president Vladimir Putin.

The department’s nonproliferation programs, aimed at diminishing the security threat posed by fissile materials in other countries that can be used for nuclear weapons, would be cut by roughly 20 percent, or $460 million, below the current level of $2.45 billion, the officials said.

Under the Obama administration’s proposal for fiscal year 2014, spending for the MOX plant would be around $330 million, or 47 percent of the budget it was supposed to get next year. military deploys could be cut by at least a third, below a limit of 1550 established in a treaty with Russia in 2010. “These cuts are going to be huge,” and will be particularly problematic amid budget boosts for weapons programs that many lawmakers believe “have been mismanaged for the last five to six years.”

In the end, the Pentagon was cajoled into contributing $3 billion more. It then asked the Pentagon to provide the additional $7 billion.

Moniz, in his confirmation hearing, tread carefully around the topic of what the department should be spending on nonproliferation. But he said officials may have calculated that they cannot win congressional support for further cuts in nuclear arsenals with Russia without spending billions more to refurbish America’s remaining stockpile of nuclear weapons, under a bargain Obama struck during his first term.

Under the Obama proposal, the budget for other DOE work related to nuclear nonproliferation would also be curtailed by about $277 million. (Work on the facility and its equipment was well along when DOE abruptly realized it would not be large enough to accommodate needed machinery, forcing a costly redesign and lengthy delays.)

The Obama administration will propose a deep cut in funding for nuclear nonproliferation programs at the Energy Department largely so it can boost the department’s spending to modernize its stockpile of nuclear weapons, according to government officials familiar with the proposed 2014 federal budget to be unveiled Wednesday, April 10.

Secretary of Energy nominee Ernest Moniz, speaking at a Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday, ducked multiple questions from Sen. These programs have experienced billions of dollars in cost overruns in recent years, forcing the administration to look elsewhere in the DOE budget to find the money it needs to keep them alive.

Much of the reduction in nonproliferation spending – around $183 million – would come from a controversial plant designed to transform excess plutonium from the U.S. nuclear weapons arsenal into fuel for reactors that generate electricity, known as the Mixed-Oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant in Savannah River, S.C. “I will certainly look into this with high priority” if confirmed, he told Scott.

Tom Collina, research director for the Arms Control Association, a Washington-based nonprofit group, said “in a way,” it seems inconsistent for the administration to promote arms control while cutting the DOE’s nonproliferation budget. A Pentagon spokeswoman, Jennifer D. Under the 2014 proposal, the Energy Department’s nuclear weapons activities funding — which includes modernization efforts for bomber-based and missile-based warheads – would be increased roughly 7 percent, or around $500 million, above the current level of $7.227 billion for these activities.

Joan Rohlfing, president of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit arms control group founded by Ted Turner and former Sen. Not by a long shot.” He also proudly said the government has been “increasing funding, and sustaining it … because our national security depends on it.”

Asked for comment, NNSA spokesman Robert Middaugh said he could not respond until the budget has been formally released. continue to sustain the nation’s nuclear security,” he said, without delving into budgetary issues or specific programs.

The plant is about 60 percent completed, but one senior administration official called it “managerially and programmatically, a nightmare,” with continuously rising costs.

Specifically, officials said, the Energy Department determined in consultation with the Pentagon that it would likely need $10 billion in new funds to fulfill all of its promises to the military for the production of modernized warheads, over the next decade alone.

But several officials and other sources familiar with the administration’s budget deliberations this year said the DOE nuclear weapons-related cost overruns and the new austerity climate gripping Washington – including the demand under so-called “sequestration” legislation for $54 billion in national security spending cuts each year until 2021 -had upended the administration’s plans to spend more on nonproliferation.

The half-billion-dollar shift in spending priorities reflects an administration decision that nuclear explosives work the Energy Department performs for the military should be both accelerated and expanded. That plant was initially budgeted at $1.8 billion, but the pricetag has ballooned to at least $7.5 billion, provoking widespread criticism and allegations of mismanagement.

But then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, after hearing from aides that these overruns were due in part to poor management and inaccurate cost accounting at DOE, initially said the department would not provide any new funds to DOE, on top of the $4.5 billion it previously promised to cover earlier overruns, according to two government officials privy to the deliberations.. Tim Scott (R.-S.C.) about whether he supports completing the MOX plant. programs for securing, reducing and eliminating weapons usable nuclear materials are a critical part of our strategy for combating nuclear terrorism and preventing the proliferation of these deadly dangerous materials…A decision to significantly cut these programs, including our near-term ability to dispose of excess plutonium, would be a setback to our ability to reach critical security goals.”

As recently as December 3, President Obama described the government’s nuclear nonproliferation efforts – including some directed by the Defense Department – as “one of our most important national security programs.” Speaking at the National Defense University, Obama said the effort was “nowhere near done. “If confirmed, I intend to make sure that [DOE laboratories and intelligence experts] … But Democrats on Capitol Hill and independent arms control groups predicted the decision will provoke controversy and a substantial budget fight this year.

Only one category of Energy Department nonproliferation work would be increased – research and development, mostly to finance work on a new nuclear detonation sensor to be placed about Air Force satellites.

The Energy Department needs at least $3 billion to $5 billion more to upgrade the B61 nuclear bomb – meant for deployment aboard strategic and tactical aircraft – than it initially expected, and several billions of dollars more to cover cost overruns in construction of the uranium processing facility. At the end of it, a $250 million DOE “nuclear counterterrorism incident response” program previously considered a weapons activity was shifted to the nonproliferation budget account, a change that has the effect of making the bottom line for that account look better than it otherwise would have.

The priority shift “is going to be a disaster,” said a Democratic congressional aide, who asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak on the budget before its official release. That would include a 16 percent cut in spending on efforts to halt the use of fissile material in civilian nuclear reactors and collect or secure weapons-usable fissile materials in other countries; an 8 percent cut in spending on policy to control the spread of nuclear weapons-related technologies; and a 36 percent cut in efforts to monitor potential illicit commerce in fissile materials.

The Center for Public Integrity has previously reported administration officials had agreed that the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. The study determined that the modernization program was underfunded, and steps have been taken to ensure adequate funding for essential modernization needs moving forward.”

To cover the $10 billion total cost overrun, the Energy Department and its National Nuclear Security Administration agreed to transfer roughly $3 billion into weapons work from management accounts and other internal savings. But that still left a $4 billion gap between DOE’s nuclear weapons-related promises to the military and its ability to complete that work, forcing a scramble during the department’s budget deliberations to cut from other programs, officials said.

The new weapons-related spending would expand efforts to upgrade the W76, W88, W78, and B-61 warheads, and help fund construction of a new facility in Tennessee for processing uranium, a nuclear explosive used in these and other warheads. Elzea, declined to address the issue in detail but confirmed that “over the past year DOD and DOE carried out a joint study regarding DOD’s nuclear weapons requirements and funding options for those requirements

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