15 Nov

10 Ways to make money from affiliate marketing

You may even feel your head spinning a little by now. Although there are some crucial differences affiliates can be compared to the traveling salesmen of old.

If you think blogging is just a way of keeping an internet diary you’re sadly mistaken. I am about to tell you about a corner of the internet where people are making a good living from being affiliates

Don’t worry it is not the name of some weird mind control cult! An affiliate is simply someone who employs various methods to assist an online business to sell a product or service and receives a commission for doing so. The name of that system is the affiliate link. In return they get paid a percentage of any sales that is made. However, trust me when I say that what you’ve just read might just have been your first little glimpse into a world where “Affiliate Marketing” is not just some weird term but the way you followed to the life you’ve always wanted.

If you are particularly adept at a certain skill or have advanced knowledge about an in-demand subject you can make a pretty penny by making your skills and knowledge available to others. Affiliate marketers can use this system (Google AdSense) to buy advertising for their affiliate products. This is where you use affiliates to work on your behalf. Everything I’ve said may seem very strange and new to you. Allow me to, very briefly, mention three:

o Your own piece of Internet real estate

So how can you make money from m88 affiliate marketing? “Let me count the ways”…

On the Internet you very often haven’t the faintest idea who you have marketed to, another system had to be found. There are quite a number of ways to do this. Affiliates do not have to lug suitcases of samples halfway across the country to do their job.

All of the methods up to now focused on money making methods where you are the affiliate earning commission from someone else. How big an opportunity? Well, for some people it brings in a little extra income. Many webmasters go to the articles directories for content. When someone click on that link and is sent to the company’s website it is as good as if they’re saying “Pete Woods(or whoever else) sent me here to buy something”. You can use your blog as a way to subtly promote affiliate products or as a space to display ads paid for by other affiliate marketers.

This is a very common saying among affiliate marketers. The smart affiliate marketer can use these contacts to sensitively promote products and services. You can do this by posting on membership forums or by being active on social networking sites like Facebook and MySpace.

.

o Forget everything you think you know about Google

o Blog, blog, blogging on heaven’s door

o Set up a virtual shop

On the Internet content is king. The first thing that you need to know is that the same Internet that you use every day to check your email, and your High School sweetheart’s Facebook page to see how his bald patch is coming along, can be used as a means to earn a full time income. You can then enlist the help of an army of affiliates to market your product in return for a certain percentage of the sale price. Many people are making a decent living simply by blogging. These articles usually include space for a signature that can contain links back to your website or even your affiliate products (policies on this vary). Relax! It’s nowhere near as difficult or expensive as you think it is.

It is possible to buy the ‘resell rights’ to some of the most successful information products on the Internet.

o Establish your own ‘knowledge empire’.

Most people think that Google is the world’s biggest search engine. You are therefore likely to have much more ‘virtual’ individual contact with other Internet users than was possible in the past. If you build a good relationship with the members of the list through sending them relevant and reliable information on a regular basis they will respond very favorably to your product recommendations.

o Unleash the writer in you

This means that you can create your own ‘knowledge store’ selling a variety of products that you own the rights to. He was then paid commission in line with the sales generated.

o The money is in the list!

We are in the age of Web 2.0 which simply means that the web is becoming much more interactive. This is done through a system called ‘Pay per Click’ (PPC) which is obviously not free (unlike some of the other methods mentioned above) but can be highly profitable.

Perhaps the last piece of the puzzle that should be completed before we look at specific ways in which you can make money from affiliate marketing is to very briefly explain something of the inner workings of the process. It simply means that one of the best ways to make money on the Internet is to assemble an opt-in email list. In the old days the travelling salesmen submitted the names of people that he marketed to the company selling the products. One of the best ways to do this is to set up a membership site where people pay a monthly subscription to drink at the fount of your knowledge! You can, again, pay affiliates a commission to bring all the keen learners right to your virtual door.

o No man is an island…

In fact they can even do it in their pj’s if they really want to! Affiliate marketing is therefore the perfect work-from-home opportunity. Google makes it money through placing context sensitive ads with every set of search results that is delivered. If you do this, it is quite likely that affiliates will play a huge role in your success. There are different levels of resell rights but you will, at the very least, receive the right to sell the product from your own website and for your own account.

Just like them affiliates act as marketers on behalf of those with goods or services to sell. As an affiliate marketer you can set yourself up as a provider of content and promote your affiliate products at the same time. For others affiliate marketing is a full time career, providing a full time income (and then some!). It is that, but it is also something else, an absolutely humongous advertising agency. There is obviously also another, and potentially even more lucrative, side to this coin. If they pick your article it can still make you a profit, years after it was written.

One of the best ways to make money from affiliate marketing is to have your own website on which you promote products. If the thought of running your own website makes you break out in a cold sweat… Clever, don’t you think?

The market for digital products is huge. There are even virtual marketplaces (the biggest is called Clickbank) that can help you to sell your products and can also link you up with some eager affiliates!

o Ever been called coach?

If your first reaction to the title of this article was “Affiliate what!?” then read on. One of the most popular ways of doing this is by writing short articles that are then submitted to article directories. When you sign up as an affiliate with a company they will give you a link with your unique Affiliate ID embedded in it. There is however, one crucial difference between modern affiliates and the old style ‘knights of the highway’. Some of the biggest internet businesses, including some household brands, rely on affiliates to ‘bring people to their door’. An excellent way to make money is to create an information product (like an e-book) or a piece of software that can successfully address the needs of a specific group of Internet users

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10 Oct

Tottenham Hotspur Announces Fun88 as Club’s Asian Betting and Gaming Partner

With its unique blend of sportsbook, casino and live dealer

products and with more innovative gaming platforms under development

such as peer to peer gaming and poker networks, Fun88 promises to

deliver the ultimate gaming experience for users each and every time.

Daniel Levy, Chairman, Tottenham Hotspur, said: “We are delighted that

Fun88 will become an Official Club Partner.

Fun88 Casino: www.fun88.com/Casino

Fun88 Sportsbook: www.fun88.com/Sportsbook

-ENDS-

Fun88 Promotions: www.fun88.com/Promo

Nick Lee, founder of www.Fun88.com

commented: “I am proud to announce Fun88′s partnership with Tottenham

Hotspur, as the Club’s Asian betting and gaming partner. This is the first time the

Club has signed a regional partnership in Asia and is largely down to

the significant increase we have seen in the growth of our international

fan base over the past few years.

-ENDS-

The two year agreement, which begins immediately, will see the two

organisations work together to engage with Asian sports fans through a

range of online and offline activities which will include launching a

co-branded gaming microsite.

“We are looking forward to working with Club to launch a new bespoke

betting microsite. We believe that our knowledge of developing fun,

interactive and engaging gaming platforms will provide Tottenham

Hotspur’s international fan base with an exciting, new gaming

experience.”

About Fun88

“Over 60% of our global fan base comes from Asia and together with the

Club’s reach through the Barclays Premier League broadcast platform, we

are ideally placed to support Fun88′s continued growth in the Asian

marketplace.”

LONDON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Tottenham Hotspur Football Club today announced that Fun88, a leading

Asian gaming company, will become the Club’s Official Asian Betting and

Gaming Partner.

Links:

Notes to Editors:

. This

partnership brings together one of Asia’s top online gaming companies

and Tottenham Hotspur, one of the most exciting and attacking clubs in

the English Premier League.

Since the launch of Fun88 in 2008, it has successfully merged

entertainment with an unsurpassed gaming experience into a portal that

is both instantly recognisable and the choice of many Asian based

players

click to find out more Tottenham Hotspur Announces Fun88 as Club’s Asian Betting and Gaming Partner https://www.fun88no1.com

24 Mar

Sports Betting System Review

Tendencies are the m88 systems which are quite quick lived. Other elements include amount of accidents, efficiency in dwelling/absent grounds, weather conditions and atmospheric conditions which led to be successful/loss, group psyche and so forth.

Your rating: None

A series or collection of gatherings which when combined for your game of your sport represent a worthwhile betting position is termed because the sports betting technique. Anticipation and calling can never ever be hundred% correct because of diverse undetermined agents, but with correct information one can turn out to be a skilled in betting techniques. The historical information includes video game titles performed, victories, defeats, ratio of victory/defeat, document of household/aside game titles, previous outcomes, streaks, adjustments in group etc.

Average:

Techniques may be deceiving as any area may very well be constrained with absurd a criterion which creates an illusion of lucrative betting system. You can find two unique types of betting programs:

Consequently, the inexperienced bettor or gambler may believe that he/she is making use of programs which would always perform.

o Statistical anomalies are various than usual policies and give the bettor a competitive edge. But, it is designed an illusion that predicting tails (or the house team) would flip it up 0.75 or 75% with the time. Then he/she can analyze final results to find out if a particular crew was favoured or not. Nonetheless, there is certainly no determinable level or edge for the gambler or the property as humans are included in sports activities betting. However the methods are supposed to permit the bettor to acquire a distinct edge. An angle is really a solitary function which can be estimated to acquire greater chances of profitable and these angles are used in blend with developments as well as other angles to make techniques.

o The numerous regressions betting program requires historical data on statistics and developments. But, knowledgeable as well as above common bettors are in agreement which the makers of odds, at some time or one other, had adjusted the system making sure that it won’t continue to be profitable any a lot more. It really is seen that more powerful historical records results in more exact outcomes. Sportsbooks (books wherein odds are manufactured and recorded) use these techniques to analyse and established accurate odds.

Determining betting method matters on using examination methods provided by laptop or computer softwares and receiving all facts on matches which meet the criteria of your bettor. To search for anomalies, a bettor has to very carefully review team and player statistics. As an example if a person flips a coin and denotes tails aided by the household workforce and heads while using apart crew, then it’s clear that the probability of turning up a heads or tails is ½ (0.5 or 50%). Also, the sportsbooks transform their odds in accordance for the process could make it tough for bettors to comply with programs.

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23 Mar

Guide to sports betting – National International Sports

A “futures” wager involves long-term predictions on a team or player. If any of the three teams lose, the bettor loses the parlay. The punter creates the conditions that give him the chance to win a payout, and those conditions need to be met. For example, a bettor can predict that one racehorse or jokey will finish ahead of a rival in the Epsom Derby.

Bookmakers usually assign prices in such a way that approximately the same number of bettors will choose either side. There are several types of bets. A straight bet is the most common type of wager. Similarly, a teaser allows the bettor to combine his bets on two or more different games. They assign odds and probabilities on players, teams, and sporting events.

There are other types of m88 sports betting. The bettor can adjust the point spreads for the two games, but must get all the games correct to win and recognizes a lower return in comparison to parlays.

A bookmaker acts as a market maker for sports wagers. That allows the operator to gain a profit regardless of which side wins or loses.

Finally, in-play betting allows bettors to place new bets while a sporting event is in progress. This type of wager is typically restricted to online betting sites.

As the term implies, a second half (or halftime) bet only concerns the outcome of a sporting event in the second half. However, if the punter is correct in his prediction, he receives a substantially higher payout.

In totalizators, the odds change in real-time according to the betting trends and the return rate of the bookmaker offering the bet. This type of wager is popular in race events such as motor racing and horse racing. If the bookmaker’s return percentage is 95 percent, then 95 percent of the amount placed on the winning result will be given back to bettors and 5 percent goes to the bookmaker.

A proposition bets is a wager made on a very specific outcome of a match. Predicting sports results and placing a wager on the outcome has received greater media coverage in recent years.

Sports betting is typically performed through a bookmaker or via the internet. A run line, puck line or goal line bet features a fixed point spread that usually offers a higher payout for the favorite and a lower payout for the underdog. For instance, a punter can bet that a certain tennis player will win the Wimbledon championship in an upcoming season.. These are also referred to as flexible rate bets. The bookmaker accepts wagers on both sides, and maintains a spread which will ensure a profit regardless of the outcome of the wager. There are several types of bets.

Sports betting is typically performed through a bookmaker or via the internet. Essentially, bookmakers price odds on the likelihood of one team winning against another by a certain margin.

Parlays involve multiple bets and will reward a successful bettor with a large payout. If the player’s first selection complies with the condition (clause), then the second selection will have action; if the second selection complies with the condition, then the third selection will have action and so on.

In head-to-head bets, a punter predicts competitors’ results against each other and not on the overall result of the event. In a parlay, a bettor can predict that three football teams will all win on a given Saturday. There are countless possibilities in making proposition bets in sports, and it can prove profitable for punters who possess substantial expertise in a certain game.

An “if” bet consists of at least two straight bets joined together by an if clause which determines the wager process. It is made against the spread or line, which is a number assigned by the bookmakers which handicaps one team and favors another. A punter can predict the number of goals each team scores in a football match. Thus, a punter can take advantage of teams that perform unusually well in the later stages of an athletic contest.

It is estimated that over a million adults in Britain engage in sports betting in sports such as horse racing, football, golf, tennis, boxing, rugby, cricket, and motor racing. The resulting bet that is placed is won or lost only on the points scored by both teams in the second half only

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30 May

Horse Racing Systems: 5 That Work

To the extent that most handicappers use pedigree at all, it’s usually to identify horses that may improve when switched to the turf, or those who may be expected to win as first time starters. However, just because systems won’t make you rich doesn’t mean there’s no place for them at all in a horseplayer’s arsenal. My computer studies of pedigree, based on nearly 100,000 races, suggest that using pedigree in that manner offers no advantage to the player.

Look for comment lines like “bled”, “lost rider”, “clipped heels”, “stumbled”, “steadied”, “between horses”, “rank”, and “jumped shadows” that suggest that a horse’s last race was not indicative of its true ability. The inside post combined with early speed is a particularly potent combination, since the horse will not have to exert himself as much to gain his preferred position at the front of the pack.

How do we identify the best pedigree, then? If you’re using the DRF past performances, use the stud fee as a proxy for quality, and the Tomlinson figure to judge suitability for the distance and surface. Thanks for reading, and see you in the winner’s circle.

Horse Racing System #3 – In maiden claiming races, bet the horse with the best pedigree. I was able to replicate this result in my own study of nearly 100,000 races conducted a decade later.

Looking for a dead simple horse racing system that will allow you to quit your job and make a living betting the horses in just 10 minutes a day? Good luck with that!

For as long as humans have bet on horse racing there have been system sellers trying to con the gullible into parting with their hard earned money with the lure of easy profits to be made on the sport of kings. This system takes advantage of one of the few glaring inefficiencies in the parimutuel pools, namely that first and second time starters are badly over-bet.

. None of them work.

Second, the very nature of the parimutuel system itself means that any profits to be made from following a particular set of rules will quickly be arbitraged away as the followers of that system drive down the odds of horses chosen by the system.

For instance, many speed figure handicappers reported making horse racing profits in the 60′s and 70′s simply by betting horses with the best last race speed figure. If the tote board suggests that the public is overlooking these mitigating circumstances, make your play.

Horse Racing System #4 – Bet low-priced favorites to place. Most people who love horse racing would be thrilled just to win a little more and lose a little less on their trips to the track.

Nunamaker reported that the inside post in dirt route races won at a 20% greater than expected rate, and lost only 10 cents on the dollar, much better than the track take. Let me let you in on a little secret about these “magic formulas”. My own studies have shown a similar advantage for the inside post in routes.

Horse Racing System #2 – Bet horses that have an excuse for a poor performance in their last race. With the BRIS pp’s you can use the Sire Production Factor in concert with the pedigree rating. Few bother to even look at the comment line for the race, let alone take the trouble to seek out and watch the replay of the race. In most case the public seems to take a horse’s last running line at face value. It must follow, therefore, that if we bet the best horse that has started at least twice, we stand an excellent chance of beating the takeout, particularly in races that have several first and second time starters.

This causes the favorite to be under bet in the place pool, leading to a profit opportunity for us to take advantage of by betting the favorite to place. This is somewhat counter-intuitive since you’d expect that horses with good pedigrees that end up in the maiden claiming ranks probably can’t run at all. They will, however increase the chances of a profitable day at the races by ensuring that your wager dollars go where they have the best chance of success. My study suggests that’s not the case.

Horse Racing System #5 – Bet Horses breaking from the inside post in route races. The horse with the best combination of the two is the play.

The horse with the best last race speed figure (whether Beyer, BRIS, or Equibase) may not be the best horse in the race, but he’s probably not far off, so we can use that as a proxy for selection purposes.

First time starters return only about 60 cents on the dollar, and second time starters are only a little better, returning less than 70 cents on the dollar. I’ve identified some of the most useful handicapping factors that have a proven history of doing much better than the track takeout and put them together with some simple rules that should make your trips to the racetrack more fun and profitable. Because speed figures have gained in popularity over the years, anyone following that system now would have trouble coming up with gas money for the ride home from the track.

In the first place, the parimutuel takeout in horse racing is large (over 15%) and the mutuel pools are relatively efficient, so that even systems with a strong basis in reality can’t overcome the size of the takeout.

Instead of blindly betting all horses breaking from the inside, you might use this to supplement your handicapping, paying particular attention to the inside horse, and betting it when you like the horse on other handicapping grounds. This is another mistake that bettors make: in a race with a clear standout, many people give up on the win pool and bet their choice to place, thinking that they’ll get paid even if the favorite wins.

In fact, pedigree does not generally offer wager value with one curious exception: well bred horses do surprisingly well in maiden claiming races. This offers opportunity to more diligent players.

In that spirit. One of the few anomalies turned up by Michael Nunamaker in his pioneering computer study “Modern Impact Values”, published in 1994, was that horses breaking from the inside post position in route races won more than their fair share of races, and were under-bet by the public. Just don’t expect to quit your day job.

None of these systems will make you rich, or even guarantee that you will make a profit. It should go without saying that you should actually like the favorite’s chances after evaluating the race with your own handicapping.

Horse Racing System #1 – In maiden races, bet the horse with the best last race speed figure that has had at least two career starts. The inside post in turf routes actually showed a small profit, but this was based on a small sample size and cannot be relied upon

30 May

AIDS Patient Zero – InfoBarrel

 

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet . . 1952-1953).

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

Ground Zero

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

From a front-line perspective

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

This makes little sense. 

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. Louis. 

***

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

Update note:Dr. Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St.

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

The Road to Zero

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. It was so unusual at the time . . Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

AIDS now had a face.

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. . .   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

Omega Man

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] 

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

But, it doesn’t end there. 

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. . It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). 

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

False Positive

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

Gateway to the West

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

Less Than Zero

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

Air Canada

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

Mr. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

Dr

29 May

Can Top Indian Casinos compare to Las Vegas Casinos? by David Cook

Pala routinely attracts big name entertainment concerts as well.

5) Pechanga Resort and Casino

A good place to start is from an area often considered the Indian Casino capital of California and the location of an extremely competitive Indian Casino market, San Diego, California.

6) Sycuan Resort and Casino

. However, just like in Sin City itself, the quality of Indian Casinos varies dramatically.

You might be surprised…

1) Barona Valley Ranch Resort and Casino

Barona offers visitors Vegas style gaming action, combined with unique dining experiences, a luxurious hotel, and world-class golf. The casino also caters to the trend setting crowd with their new V Lounge bar.

3) Harrah’s Rincon Casino

Indian Casinos all around the country are shattering the notion that Indian Casinos are a less than par alternative when compared to their Las Vegas counterparts.

Here’s a quick snapshot of 6 Top Indian Casinos in San Diego:

As one of the country’s newest resort destinations, Pechanga Resort & Casino, an AAA four-diamond property, offers the best of hotel luxury, Vegas style gaming, entertainment, meeting facilities and seven fine dining choices. Beyond its top notch gaming, Viejas Entertainment puts on high caliber concerts and the Viejas Outlet shopping center is known for it’s upscale outlet shopping.

With literally hundreds of Indian Casinos spread out across the United States, to give you an idea of the level of quality gaming emerging on reservations countrywide, let’s focus in on a few of the top Indian Casinos leading the way. The Showcase Theatre features great shows and concerts.

4) Pala Casino

2) Viejas Casino

You definitely won’t be let down by any of the Top 6 San Diego Indian Casinos.

In addition to great gaming, dining and entertainment, Sycuan Resort offers 54 holes of Southern California’s best golf, championship tennis courts, great overnight accommodations and a relaxing atmosphere to enjoy cocktails and fine dining.

If you are getting the itch to visit Vegas but don’t want to make the trek, you might not have to look much further than your local Indian Casino. This spectacular highly acclaimed ranch-themed resort and casino has earned various awards for its casino and games, as well as for its restaurants and golf club.

Viejas is a well-established and popular Indian casino. A-list performers scheduled regularly in the 1,200- seat Pechanga Theater

Harrah’s Rincon Casino follows in the footsteps of the Harrah’s gaming brand. Harrah’s Rincon routinely attracts famous acts to it’s entertainment complex. A new 21-story hotel tower adds to the resort feel and recently was voted as having the Best Rooms, Best Suites, Best Hotel Service and more in 2005 by Casino Player magazine.

Pala Casino offers award winning gaming, has eight restaurants, a 10,000 square foot day spa, a four-diamond resort with 507 deluxe hotel rooms, including 82 suites, four entertainment venues and an Olympic size pool with 12 cabanas. Amenities include a luxurious spa and a state-of-the-art fitness center

29 May

Horse Racing Systems: 5 That Work

The horse with the best combination of the two is the play.

However, just because systems won’t make you rich doesn’t mean there’s no place for them at all in a horseplayer’s arsenal. My study suggests that’s not the case.

For as long as humans have bet on horse racing there have been system sellers trying to con the gullible into parting with their hard earned money with the lure of easy profits to be made on the sport of kings. The inside post in turf routes actually showed a small profit, but this was based on a small sample size and cannot be relied upon. Just don’t expect to quit your day job.

This causes the favorite to be under bet in the place pool, leading to a profit opportunity for us to take advantage of by betting the favorite to place. My own studies have shown a similar advantage for the inside post in routes.

. I’ve identified some of the most useful handicapping factors that have a proven history of doing much better than the track takeout and put them together with some simple rules that should make your trips to the racetrack more fun and profitable. Let me let you in on a little secret about these “magic formulas”. In most case the public seems to take a horse’s last running line at face value. Because speed figures have gained in popularity over the years, anyone following that system now would have trouble coming up with gas money for the ride home from the track.

None of these systems will make you rich, or even guarantee that you will make a profit. This is somewhat counter-intuitive since you’d expect that horses with good pedigrees that end up in the maiden claiming ranks probably can’t run at all. The inside post combined with early speed is a particularly potent combination, since the horse will not have to exert himself as much to gain his preferred position at the front of the pack.

In the first place, the parimutuel takeout in horse racing is large (over 15%) and the mutuel pools are relatively efficient, so that even systems with a strong basis in reality can’t overcome the size of the takeout.

Nunamaker reported that the inside post in dirt route races won at a 20% greater than expected rate, and lost only 10 cents on the dollar, much better than the track take. This is another mistake that bettors make: in a race with a clear standout, many people give up on the win pool and bet their choice to place, thinking that they’ll get paid even if the favorite wins.

In fact, pedigree does not generally offer wager value with one curious exception: well bred horses do surprisingly well in maiden claiming races. It should go without saying that you should actually like the favorite’s chances after evaluating the race with your own handicapping.

Instead of blindly betting all horses breaking from the inside, you might use this to supplement your handicapping, paying particular attention to the inside horse, and betting it when you like the horse on other handicapping grounds. If the tote board suggests that the public is overlooking these mitigating circumstances, make your play.

Horse Racing System #5 – Bet Horses breaking from the inside post in route races. Most people who love horse racing would be thrilled just to win a little more and lose a little less on their trips to the track.

Looking for a dead simple horse racing system that will allow you to quit your job and make a living betting the horses in just 10 minutes a day? Good luck with that!

Horse Racing System #2 – Bet horses that have an excuse for a poor performance in their last race. One of the few anomalies turned up by Michael Nunamaker in his pioneering computer study “Modern Impact Values”, published in 1994, was that horses breaking from the inside post position in route races won more than their fair share of races, and were under-bet by the public. I was able to replicate this result in my own study of nearly 100,000 races conducted a decade later.

Horse Racing System #1 – In maiden races, bet the horse with the best last race speed figure that has had at least two career starts. It must follow, therefore, that if we bet the best horse that has started at least twice, we stand an excellent chance of beating the takeout, particularly in races that have several first and second time starters.

How do we identify the best pedigree, then? If you’re using the DRF past performances, use the stud fee as a proxy for quality, and the Tomlinson figure to judge suitability for the distance and surface. To the extent that most handicappers use pedigree at all, it’s usually to identify horses that may improve when switched to the turf, or those who may be expected to win as first time starters. This system takes advantage of one of the few glaring inefficiencies in the parimutuel pools, namely that first and second time starters are badly over-bet.

For instance, many speed figure handicappers reported making horse racing profits in the 60′s and 70′s simply by betting horses with the best last race speed figure. They will, however increase the chances of a profitable day at the races by ensuring that your wager dollars go where they have the best chance of success. Few bother to even look at the comment line for the race, let alone take the trouble to seek out and watch the replay of the race. With the BRIS pp’s you can use the Sire Production Factor in concert with the pedigree rating. Horse Racing System #4 – Bet low-priced favorites to place. Thanks for reading, and see you in the winner’s circle.

The horse with the best last race speed figure (whether Beyer, BRIS, or Equibase) may not be the best horse in the race, but he’s probably not far off, so we can use that as a proxy for selection purposes.

In that spirit. My computer studies of pedigree, based on nearly 100,000 races, suggest that using pedigree in that manner offers no advantage to the player.

Second, the very nature of the parimutuel system itself means that any profits to be made from following a particular set of rules will quickly be arbitraged away as the followers of that system drive down the odds of horses chosen by the system.

Look for comment lines like “bled”, “lost rider”, “clipped heels”, “stumbled”, “steadied”, “between horses”, “rank”, and “jumped shadows” that suggest that a horse’s last race was not indicative of its true ability. None of them work.

First time starters return only about 60 cents on the dollar, and second time starters are only a little better, returning less than 70 cents on the dollar. This offers opportunity to more diligent players.

Horse Racing System #3 – In maiden claiming races, bet the horse with the best pedigree

29 May

Biggest Gambling Countries In The World

Furthermore, the slot machines named pokies are the most favorite game in Australia with an estimated number of 75-80 percent of problem gamblers. Most profits go to education, arts and culture.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288

The potash-rich province of Saskatchewan is home to the biggest gamblers in Canada. Otherwise, Australia is the only country that allows online bets on sports but prevents gamblers from using the Internet to place bets during live games.

Australia

Canada

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174

The most favorite gambling activity in Italy is electronic gaming machine. In this country, gaming companies bet people on whether the central bank’s interest will increase or not. Reportedly, over 75 percent of adult Canadians took part in the games last year in which the most popular games are lotteries and Scratch and Win cards.

Las Vegas is well-known as the gambling industry of the world; however, American people are not the biggest gamblers on Earth.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568

Finland

Italy

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517

Singapore

Era of Online Gambling

Top Online Gambling Mistakes

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174

Gambling’s Famous Icons

Related links:

Singapore offered the very first casino some years ago which then became the world’s third largest-gaming center after Macau and Las Vegas. H2 Gambling Capital has released the list of biggest gambling countries due to average gaming losses.

. According to business advisory firm MAG Consulenti Associati, the electronic gaming makes up half of Italy’s total gaming revenues in first half of 2011.

Australia: Biggest Gambling Country in the World

Interestingly enough, the country’s national lottery company, Veikkaus, belongs to the government and is operated by the ministry of education. Although the government has imposed an entry fee of S$100 ($80.50) for citizens entering the casino, the country’s gaming revenue is expected to hit $6.4 billion in 2011 and outpace Las Vegas.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517

Australia is the craziest country when it comes to gaming and gambling

29 May

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29 May

Play Casino And Poker Online

Creativity in marketing and customer retention is crucial in the current competitive online entertainment business and something is only able to concentrate on the right players by understanding the players themselves. You may either to setup and manage your personal customer care team otherwise allow the operator handle this for you personally.

Within the recent game playing industry events, which I joined, I overheard a discussion between two guys and one of them instructed another that using a casino website is a means to make quick money online. You now are becoming to the facets of poker that cope with playing another players and not simply them you’re dealt. Customer retention is with you. Playing inside a live game is very totally different from playing on-line poker. The administration of the site is going to be processed every day causing you to be enough time to concentrate on your online marketing strategy.

casino and poker online need constant attention which is essential that you offer good customer care out of all languages of the target markets. It is therefore vital that you stabilize your casino and poker online have fun with real live games to operate in your skills.

casino and poker online are a good spot to play if you have use of a card room in your town I’d recommend spent some play at live games.

It usually takes a few weeks to possess your casino and poker online gaming site fully operational an internet-based, after which it’s your decision they are driving traffic towards your website. This skill isn’t attainable in internet poker room play; you need to be sitting over the table out of your opponents to achieve this expertise. The program of these sites happen to be produced by mainly several specialist developers plus they all try to provide you with as enjoyable and realistic an event as you possibly can that you should play casino poker online. There aren’t many players who claim eternal loyalty to some gaming site and therefore the active gaming cycle on the particular site can vary from weeks to a few months. Most poker pros will agree the psychology of poker is an extremely important a part of the things they’re doing well. The majority of the well-known casino and poker online sites are run by reputable companies who’ve been within the gaming niche for quite a long time. Locate a good home game or look

for a local card room if at all possible and go play a couple of times per month if you’re able to. If you fancy a flutter you will get your fix. Play casino and poker online to determine more hands and make use of the ease of a web-based poker site whenever you cannot get free from the home or simply possess a very little time to experience.. In on-line poker you won’t ever need to be in person together with your opponent whereby live games you can observe your attacker so that you get the chance to determine any tells that they’re going to exhibit. This is often a vital skill in enhancing your poker game.

The immediacy from the internet has exposed a brave “new world “for gambler

29 May

Casino-Gaming :: Secret to Winning at Roulette Betting Strategy System

Now I have been using Roulette Sniper over the previous 2 weeks and I know it’s one of the greatest worthy tools in the universe for beating the roulette table. I couldn’t trust how closely, the trial version was predicting when I should bet. I am not going to show you the chips that I rake in playing with Roulette Sniper, but I will explain to you that it works.

Secret to Winning at Roulette Betting Strategy System.. Get the software that will make you filthy rich!

Before you apply certain ideas with the roulette wheel, you should educate yourself on how to improve your odds of winning exponentially – and everyone should rake it in.

This morning I was researching the net looking for an alluring roulette wheel idea I discovered a software application identified as Roulette Sniper. Roulette Sniper turns the casinos upside down and shakes their pockets empty. Depending on which casinos you play at, this may influence the number of betting breaks you get but will boost the number of chips you acquire, so it is best to choose an online casino so you can deactivate the moving graphics.

If you’re like me, you could be most likely reading this article because you appreciate roulette. I installed the 60 minute free trial software that the Roulette Sniper website offers me and tried it out. In the first 10 minutes I raked in more cash to really purchase for the Roulette Sniper full version.

Remember to maintain smart money management strategies while playing at the online casinos and you will win and walk away glamorously.

One vital tip that I do propose with this kick a$$ software is to check off conservative settings, but raise the high/low numbers by roughly five digits

29 May

Examiner Exclusive: Adam Sellke Talks eSports And Casinos

Fixing it starts with acknowledging a problem… That’s death. chats with Evolve Labs Founder Adam Sellke, who discusses the possible impact of eSports on casino culture.The founder/ co-founder of several startups (Surtsey, Madoi, Ripshark, Tunebloom, Evolve Labs and more), Sellke has served in individual contributor and management roles at Merck, BBDO, Carlson Companies, UnitedHealth Group and Best Buy. Most of these early examples aren’t that innovative and look a little uninspired.

What if the answer is they shouldn’t be? What should casinos do to still participate in this shift in entertainment?

Sellke: Like a lot of big incumbents, I am concerned that the casino industry has become complacent, or worse, lazy.

Sellke: All you gotta do is look at your top MOBAs and other competitive titles. Solving it will mean things have to change!

Adam Sellke: We’re currently seeing skill-based, first-person gambling games coming onto casino floors. For example, companies like GameCo are licensing games for deployment in Atlantic City later this year. Presumably, these will enable a new level of head-to-head, skill-based competitions, playing true eSports titles. And competitive eSports for money should be only allowed amongst grown-ups (or pros). In a recent piece Sellke wrote on Gamasutra, he outlines why the Casinbusinessss must begin to adapt to reach a new sort of clientele and in this chat with Examiner, he takes it a step further, elaborating how eSports can play a role in that adaptation.

Sellke: I am not sure they should be… First off, they call them “VGMs” or video game gambling machines. Secondly, these game titles aren’t part of any bona fide eSports franchises. A potential downside to this might be that without rank verification, fees would be the only way to set or “regulate” skill level matches. I fundamentally disagree that eSports should be considered gambling. and then committing to solve it. Perhaps a seat could be assessed various entry “fees”, where a higher entry fee would essentially correspond to tougher competition (similar to what you see in poker rooms). That’s definitely the first step, but I’m not necessarily a big proponent of these machines. If it’s fun for free, it’s even more so for money.

Also, companies like Ourgame are opening large 14,000 square foot, 200 seat arenas in places like Beijing and Las Vegas. A shark vs minnow environment could ensue. They don’t have the appeal that “real” eSports games have all over the world.

Hickey Jr.: Why should eSports be in a casino?. It seems to be more of a shoehorn solution where the industry is responding to the opportunity by trying to make eSports fit into what they know. What form that entertainment takes is yet to be determined. in my opinion, casino operators need to answer that question with more than “because we want them to be”. I haven’t seen how matchmaking would work, though. We have some interesting ideas on how to address skill-disparities, but we’re keeping that under wraps for now ;).

Hickey Jr.: What games do you think would work best in a casino?

Esports is a watershed moment for the casino industry, but the industry will have to step out of its comfort zone in order to make it work for them.

For more information on Evolve Labs, click here.

I personally think they should because casinos should be about grown-up entertainment. We have some ideas that we’re not yet seeing out there, so it’s a very exciting time for us.

Hickey Jr.: What’s wrong with the casino industry and how could eSports help “fix” things?

Patrick Hickey Jr.: How would eSports work in a casino?

National Video Games Examiner Patrick Hickey Jr

29 May

Expert Betting Tips For Sports Betting Good Results

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